Problem Solving

Feb 14, 2011

Teaching Problem Solving

What is Problem Solving? Whenever a living creature has a goal but doesn’t know how to accomplish it, they engage in problem solving. (Holyoak & Morrison, 2005) Problem solving is considered the most complex of all intellectual functions, as a higher-order cognitive process that requires activation and control of more routine or fundamental skills in order to solve the problem at hand. (Goldstein & Levin, 1987) There are a number of methods for problem solving, including: Difference reduction, in which we keep reducing the distance between the current state and the goal step by step; Means-end analysis, where we work backwards from end goal and set sub goals; and Analogy strategy,...

What is Problem Solving? Whenever a living creature has a goal but doesn’t know how to accomplish it, they engage in problem...